We are all flawed and none of us are perfectly alright. While some of the photographers may be of necessity talented and do excellent jobs when a camera is put in their possession, for most of us that is not the case. Often you’ll mess up if you’re a novice in the field of photography. But there is no point of feeling distressed or embarrassed, since you are one of those newbies who did exactly the same thing, which is trying and failing. A number of very regular mistakes made by inexperienced photographers are evident. Learn to avoid those common mistakes and your captures will automatically look flawless. Let’s look into the common mistakes which we often make when we have the newly bought camera in hand and complete passion in ourselves:
1. Not paying attention to the background
Be mindful of what takes place in the background while photographing individuals and their lives. Stop ‘transfixing’ the image with items in the background while capturing images from buildings, electric poles and other related artifacts in the field. When shooting your shot, pay particular attention to the backdrop, see something distinctly illustrated behind your subject(s), switch about to see whether you can find a more suitable frame that fits. Check the shots’ backdrop even before you take a picture. Check for colors that don’t match with the rest of the picture, bright spots that confuse the eye, contrast lines, figures who do not, etc. If the backdrop of a shot is distracting but cannot shift the focus, so it is always a specific technique of going from a different perspective and firing. It can indicate you’re turning around but can even fall down and make the sky the backdrop or also go up and fire down the target and make it close. And without the four horns in the background of the picture, the capture of this stunning bridesmaid would have come out even better:
Many times people have been able to take a pleasant picture, but obviously the elements they want to see are not primarily focused. You will be aware that the heads of the photo-visitors would be clearly and luminously captured. The shrubs, for example, where the heads of the flowers are flouted and out of sight, are the focused sections of the leaves (nice as they are, but most definitely not to be the key characteristic). Thus, the emphasis would have come out fine if it is focused on the flowers instead on the leaves, but the emphasis was obviously on the wrong place as the flower head had been supposed to be the main subject of capture.
So far as portraits are concerned, it is not rare to find that the photographer has tried to concentrate on something in the foreground or the backdrop, but has instead created a complete blur of the subject’s face and head, which is frustratingly translucent. As you glance at the photos, you want to see the person’s features and do not want to be distracted by the facial information being distorted and off sight. Steve McCurry’s “Afghan Girl” is an extraordinary illustration of how it functions really and also in this case the girl’s captivating eyes and markings her face may never have become so iconic if it were not for the tearing red veil that stands against the green backdrop:
3. Wrong use of flash
Firstly, a full-power flash display can be very intense, which may contribute to the loss of interesting features and specifications. If you use flash, turn the power off, for example, to -1 end. You’re going to know if you have blinked too much since people will say that you’re taking the picture of light. The image will be used to enhance the subject(s) in the frame, not to become the principal feature or point of conversation. See the difference between picture taken with flash and without flash:
You can also take time during daytime and night time to know how to use your camera. Flash will help you get rid of any of the rough shadows that are seen behind you or shine on your topic(s), if you take images out on the light sunny-site day. You may have the sun reflecting on your picture because as the sun contributes a pleasant portion of the hair to the skin on your eyes, the majority of your subject might get lost in the profile if you capture someone outdoors, under the light, and have a little shadow bag. Through applying a small amount of brightness to the hair light that comes from the sky, you may use the spotlight to light up the topic from the front and pull it out of the dark profile. Overall, the outcome is a strong picture.
4. Not maintaining the eye-level perspective
Most of us go straight ahead and push the focus on the eye level in each photo. If you are capturing kids or livestock, sit straight at their eye-level to get a stronger, more realistic view. Shooting items from above is unusual, because it is more probable that you would not target beautiful ground and other artefacts in the distance. Adjust your outlook more frequently and make the topic more imaginative
The above picture clearly signifies the outcomes which differ from change in perspectives. It is always advisable to take pictures from an eye-level which later brings out more clarity and a story behind your capture.
5. Wrong aperture
Using a large aperture (low f-number), you will use a chosen emphasis to decide what is in emphasis and what would be dull and out of focus to deliver a less insightful field depth. This technique lets you decide what the pictures are going to look like. Let me show you an example:
If you want the pilot to appear rather than the aircraft as you film a pilot standing in front of his aircraft, because you want to attract the viewer’s attention to the pilot and not so much the aeroplane. When it is the aircraft you is searching for, you may not have the pilot in front of the shot … he / she might be in the air, so it would be more apparent that the aircraft is the main focus of the image when you capture an aircraft, it will become secondary to the aircraft, and you will cause the background to be attracted to you. And if both the pilot and the aircraft were meant to be shot with a direct view, with the pilot standing on the left, you might take a small aperture, like f/11 or down to f/22, based on the degree to which the pilot stood in front of the aircraft. Another case of aperture clarity:
The lower the f/stop, the greater the lens’s aperture – the smaller the depth of field – the more the image becomes blurred. The greater the f/stop, the shorter the lens’ aperture – the wider the picture – the clearer the context.
6. Standing by walls and bush
If you think they would take your pictures, you can unavoidably spot a wall or a bush and remove it and hesitate before you have a snapshot of it. If you use flash or if you are in direct sunshine outdoors that is more likely to contribute to a rough shadow around it. The bushes or wall will even blend with the subjects and you do not get a properly separate image between the subject and it would even result in an awkward portrait. What occurs once you get your picture shot to a wall or bush is that you see the pictures and you notice you are trapped between looking at the people and staring at the bush or wall. When the buzz is enticing, you should place it on the backdrop, but just hold it far enough from it to enable you to use a large opening (small f-stop number), in conjunction with a longer focal length, to render the bush trendy in the context, enabling the subjects to play a major role as they should be.
7. Wrong White Balance
The biggest fault is that the White Balance is incorrect. In all lighting situations, we see white as white, but the picture is not. You will direct the camera to learn the light source of the current scene. If you film in daytime, the scene would be oranges if you place the White Balance system on Cloudy. If the White Balance system is set to daytime and you film in gloomy light the scene has a blue image. Let’s have a look how a picture looks if you use the wrong white balance while clicking:
Light is the utmost crucial feature in photography. If t here is no illumination, it means no picture is possible to capture. Light has several dimensions of consistency and meaning, though. The best photos are typically rendered in the daylight hours and in the optimum light conditions only a few hours before and after the sunrise and sunset. Most photographers appear unconcerned regarding the course and light efficiency. Either the light is so intense that there are different patches of light and shadows on the floor, or the eyes of the subject are in dark shadows, or the light is only flat to render pictures two dimensional, etc. All you need to note is that photography is not possible if the place is lacking sufficient light for capture. You need to learn more about lightning before getting hold of a camera. The more you get to imbibe the knowledge about the light affects during different phases of photography, the better your results will come out as pictures. Have a look at the bad light photography:
9. Always shooting in Landscape Mode
With new photographers, one aspect you always discover is that they only use their camera in the landscape format. You never seem to dream about flipping the devices upside down and aiming sideways. This is not necessarily important, although certain topics will benefit from this advice more. Start changing the phone into a (vertical) portrait mode to see if you can get a decent shot while taking images.
This image illustrates that it is not necessary to hold your camera in landscape format/mode always. It can further give you a boring look. Now, let’s look at the second picture right below:
See, holding your camera vertically is giving your picture a different perspective look, which is looking much better from the other one.
10. Overusing negative space
The third-party rule states that every entity, individual or feature in your shot will fall into one of your three vertical frame pillars. You want to locate the object on the left, correct, middle of the photo, and perhaps none at all. Following this principle works almost every time, but filmmakers often prefer to take it even further and to attach negative space to their picture. In other terms, a character can be positioned on one side of the frame so much that 80% of the frame is null and negative space. In certain unusual cases this can succeed, but sometimes the feel of overdone negative space distracts the spectator and not as crafty as you imagine it will be. Look into the picture below and you will get to know how can overusing negative space in a picture looks like: